Nose Cancer

Nose cancer, medically termed as nasopharyngeal cancer, is a rare type of cancer that originates in the nasopharynx, the upper part of the throat behind the nose. Understanding its presentation, symptoms, consequences, and seeking timely medical advice are crucial for early detection and effective treatment.

Presentation and Symptoms:


  • Nasal Symptoms: Nosebleeds (epistaxis) or nasal congestion that doesn’t resolve.
  • Ear Symptoms: Hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), or ear infections.
  • Respiratory Symptoms: Difficulty breathing through the nose or frequent sinus infections.
  • Swelling: Lumps in the neck due to swollen lymph nodes.
  • Pain: Persistent pain in the nose, ears, or throat.
  • Changes in Voice: Hoarseness or changes in voice quality.
  • Visual Changes: Blurred or double vision, particularly if the cancer affects nearby structures.

Prevalence in the Chinese Population:

Nasopharyngeal cancer, the most common type of nose cancer, has a notably higher prevalence among individuals of Chinese descent compared to other ethnic groups. In fact, the incidence rates are highest in Southern China, where it’s considered one of the most prevalent cancers. Genetic predisposition, along with environmental and lifestyle factors, contribute to this higher prevalence in the Chinese population.


Proportion in Singapore:

Singapore, with a significant Chinese population, has one of the highest incidences of nasopharyngeal cancer globally. In fact, it is the most common cancer among males in Singapore and the fourth most common cancer among females. The ethnic Chinese community in Singapore bears a disproportionate burden of nasopharyngeal cancer compared to other ethnic groups in the region.


Age Group Affected:

Nose cancer, particularly nasopharyngeal cancer, tends to affect adults more commonly, with a peak incidence between the ages of 30 and 50 years old. However, it can occur at any age, and the risk increases with advancing age. In Singapore, the highest incidence rates are observed in the age group between 45 and 64 years old, although cases can also occur in younger individuals.

Understanding the prevalence among specific populations and age groups is crucial for targeted screening and early detection efforts, particularly in high-risk populations like the Chinese community in Singapore. Early detection can significantly improve treatment outcomes and survival rates for individuals diagnosed with nose cancer.

Consequences:

If left untreated, nose cancer can spread to nearby tissues and organs, leading to severe complications such as:


  • Damage to Nearby Structures: Invasion into the skull base, brain, or nearby nerves can cause neurological deficits.
  • Metastasis: Spread of cancer to distant organs like the lungs or bones, reducing treatment options and survival rates.
  • Impaired Function: Difficulty breathing, swallowing, or speaking, impacting quality of life.

Seeking Medical Advice:

Anyone experiencing persistent nasal symptoms, especially nosebleeds, pain, or changes in vision or hearing, should seek prompt medical attention. A visit to an ENT specialist (otorhinolaryngologist) is crucial for accurate diagnosis and treatment planning.


Consultation:

During the consultation, the doctor will:

  • Review Medical History: Inquire about symptoms, risk factors (such as smoking or family history of cancer), and general health.
  • Physical Examination: Examination of the nose, throat, ears, and neck for any abnormalities or signs of cancer.
  • Diagnostic Tests: Additional tests such as imaging studies (MRI, CT scans) and endoscopic examination may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis and determine the extent of the cancer.

Investigations:

  • Biopsy: Sampling of tissue from the suspicious area for microscopic examination to confirm cancer diagnosis.
  • Imaging: MRI or CT scans to visualize the size and location of the tumor, and to detect any spread to nearby structures or distant organs.
  • Blood Tests: Evaluation of blood counts and specific tumor markers to assess overall health and monitor treatment response.

Treatment Options:

Treatment depends on the stage and location of the cancer but may include:

  • Radiation Therapy: High-energy rays to kill cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: Drugs to destroy cancer cells, often used in combination with radiation therapy.
  • Surgery: Removal of the tumor and surrounding tissues, sometimes followed by reconstructive surgery.
  • Targeted Therapy: Drugs that target specific molecules involved in cancer growth.
  • Immunotherapy: Boosting the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells.

Conclusion:

Nose cancer requires early detection and a multidisciplinary approach for effective treatment. Timely consultation with healthcare professionals, accurate diagnosis through appropriate investigations, and access to various treatment modalities significantly improve outcomes and quality of life for patients. If you or someone you know experiences symptoms suggestive of nose cancer, seeking medical advice promptly is paramount.




Christina Ho
Christina Ho
2024-06-16
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
I've been seeing Dr Pang since Dec'23 for loud ringing noises in one of my ears. Unlike most other specialist clinics, I didn't have to wait long to be seen for each appointment. Whenever specific medical tests were required, all tests were arranged by the clinic, reducing much anxiety and stress. Tests were carried out punctually and efficiently, within the clinic, doing away with the hassle of searching around the hospital for the location of the testing departments. After the tests, the reports were all sent to me via Whatsapp, which made things really convenient. Dr Pang has listened patiently to all the symptoms and problems I've mentioned regarding the ear issues. With the treatment advised, I've found that the prescribed medication has not only helped me cope better with the ringing noises, but I've gradually experienced improvements in my overall physical well-being.
Manuel Hall
Manuel Hall
2024-06-11
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
My sinus problems were solved in 1 week, the way the doctor managed the symptoms and the treatment was very effective.
jing wang
jing wang
2024-06-10
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
This time, I accompanied my child to check her nasal cavity. Dr. Pang was gentle, patient and meticulous in reducing the child's fear.
Raymond Lee
Raymond Lee
2024-06-04
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Dr Pang is a very professional specialist in ENT, I visited him twice, last year is about my ear tinnitus, did and MRI and everything is good, this time is for my nose. Dr Pang is patience to explain everything to me. I will definitely recommend Dr pang to anyone who need.
Raeanne Ang
Raeanne Ang
2024-05-21
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Thanks to Dr Pang I have been able to get rid of nasal congestion and deal with allergies that have been affecting my quality of life for many years
Phil L
Phil L
2024-05-07
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Doctor Pang was approachable and knowledgeable. He very quickly understood and explained my problems and recommended a holistic treatment plan. I have experienced amazing results thus far just one month into treatment.
Toh Kai Sheng Edwin
Toh Kai Sheng Edwin
2024-05-02
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
Was suffering from bad vertigo and constant dizziness. Visited Dr Pang and the condition has improved significantly.
aki menyanan
aki menyanan
2024-04-30
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
I recomend the doctor to people with allergies. He is very patient and friendly when talking. He succesfully helped my daughter with her allergies. 👍🏼👍🏼👍🏼
Michiko. H
Michiko. H
2024-04-30
Trustindex verifies that the original source of the review is Google.
I've had very bad allergies to dust mites and often getting runny nose and sneezing. Dr. Pang gave us the correct medication that has helped me cure my allergies. Not only that, he is also very friendly while talking and is very intelligent when giving us medication.

+65 6586 0988
WA: 6598277186

enquiry@ENTDoctor.com.sg

Address: