Understanding Common Ear, Nose Throat Symptoms in Children: A Guide For Parents
As parents, it’s natural to be concerned when our children experience discomfort, especially in areas as vital as the ears, nose, and throat. Understanding common symptoms and knowing how to address them can alleviate worry and ensure your child receives appropriate care. Here’s a comprehensive guide categorizing symptoms by location and offering effective treatment strategies:

1. Earache:
  • Symptoms: Pain in one or both ears, often accompanied by fever or fussiness.
  • Treatment: Apply a warm compress to the affected ear, administer over-the-counter pain relievers (following appropriate dosage guidelines), and consult a pediatrician if symptoms persist or worsen.
2. Ear Discharge:
  • Symptoms: Fluid draining from the ear, which may be clear, bloody, or pus-like.
  • Treatment: Seek immediate medical attention as this could indicate an ear infection or injury. Avoid inserting anything into the ear canal.
3. Hearing Loss:
  • Symptoms: Difficulty hearing, frequently asking for repetition, or not responding to sounds as usual.
  • Treatment: Schedule a hearing evaluation with a pediatric audiologist to assess the extent and cause of hearing loss. Treatment varies based on the underlying issue.


1. Congestion:
  • Symptoms: Difficulty breathing through the nose, nasal stuffiness, or discharge.
  • Treatment: Use a humidifier, saline nasal drops, and over-the-counter decongestants (following age-appropriate recommendations). Encourage adequate hydration to help thin mucus.
2. Nosebleeds:
  • Symptoms: Blood coming from one or both nostrils, often due to dry air, picking, or trauma.
  • Treatment: Sit your child upright, pinch the soft part of their nose gently for 10-15 minutes, and apply a cold compress. Seek medical attention if bleeding persists or is recurrent.
3. Allergic Rhinitis:
  • Symptoms: Sneezing, itching, nasal congestion, and watery eyes triggered by allergens.
  • Treatment: Identify and minimize exposure to allergens, administer antihistamines or nasal corticosteroids under a doctor’s guidance, and consider allergy testing if symptoms are severe or persistent.


1. Sore Throat:
  • Symptoms: Pain or irritation in the throat, difficulty swallowing, and swollen glands.
  • Treatment: Encourage rest, gargle with warm salt water, offer soothing liquids like warm broth or tea with honey, and administer over-the-counter pain relievers as directed.
2. Tonsillitis:
  • Symptoms: Swollen, red tonsils, accompanied by fever, sore throat, and difficulty swallowing.
  • Treatment: Provide plenty of fluids, offer soft foods, and administer prescribed antibiotics if bacterial tonsillitis is diagnosed. Surgery to remove the tonsils may be recommended in severe or recurrent cases.
3. Hoarseness:
  • Symptoms: Changes in voice quality, raspiness, or vocal strain.
  • Treatment: Encourage vocal rest, avoid irritants like shouting or whispering, and provide humidified air. If hoarseness persists for more than two weeks, consult an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist).
General Tips:
  • Hydration: Encourage your child to drink plenty of fluids to keep mucous membranes moist.
  • Hand Hygiene: Emphasize proper handwashing to reduce the spread of germs that cause ear, nose, and throat infections.
  • Vaccinations: Ensure your child is up-to-date on recommended vaccinations, which can prevent certain infections leading to ear, nose, and throat issues.
While many minor symptoms can be managed at home, it’s crucial to seek medical advice if symptoms persist, worsen, or are accompanied by high fever, severe pain, or difficulty breathing. Your pediatrician or otolaryngologist can provide personalized guidance and ensure your child’s health and well-being.

Seeing an ENT Doctor:

It’s crucial to emphasize the significance of consulting an ENT specialist for children experiencing persistent or severe ear symptoms. ENT doctors possess specialized training and expertise in diagnosing and treating various ear, nose, and throat conditions in children. They can provide accurate assessments, recommend appropriate treatments, and offer ongoing management to ensure the best possible outcomes for children’s ear health.


Understanding common ENT symptoms and diseases in children empowers adults to recognize potential issues early and seek prompt medical attention when necessary. By familiarizing yourself with the presentations and treatments outlined in this guide and prioritizing consultation with an ENT doctor, you can play a proactive role in safeguarding the ear health and overall well-being of the children under your care. Remember, early intervention and professional guidance are key to managing pediatric ENT conditions effectively.


Pang Xin Yi
Pang Xin Yi
I consult Dr Pang for various issues - from nose bleed to chronic hives to ear block. He is always very thorough in his work. Dr Pang is very easy to talk to, and always tries to understand not just your condition, but your medical history and the environment you live and work in. He asked thorough questions about my medical and lifestyle history, carried out allergen tests to narrow down possible causes and gave very detailed advice on how to manage my hives condition. Appointment times are also adhered to (give and take 10-15min allowance which I find totally acceptable). Dr Pang also shares treatment options openly but always left it to my own discretion to pick the one I am most comfortable with. I also appreciate his staff for always being friendly and patient, and giving clear instructions when I had tests to take. It’s hard to find a clinic these days where you could have a comfortable and relaxed visit so I am glad that I found them.
Vijesh Kishore
Vijesh Kishore
Dr. Pang Yoke Teen with his pleasing personality and quick diagnosis and great advise thinking always the best for the patient . One of the few doctors who believe in giving less medicines the minimal required and the clinic staff is very helpful, efficient and caring and accommodative
Oriana De Saint Priest
Oriana De Saint Priest
I had a very good experience with Dr Pang YT and can highly recommend him for his professionalism
Poh Wee Koon
Poh Wee Koon
Been visiting Dr Pang for allergy-related issues for a year and counting. The service is always prompt and friendly, and treatment as well as symptom management has been great. Appointments are not too hard to get, and picking up of medication is easy too. All good and a nice, friendly place to seek help at.
Stefan Andersson
Stefan Andersson
I’ve had a very good experience at Dr Pang’s clinic. I had concerns around sleep apnea and Dr Pang identified that I was suffering from a lot of different allergies and food sensitivities. Now I’m getting treated for some of these allergies and it has improved my life quality a lot which I’m so grateful for. Him and his team of nurses are also super friendly and down to earth so it’s always a nice experience visiting the clinic as well! Highly recommended.
Elizabeth Lee
Elizabeth Lee
First visit to Dr Pang was almost 10 years ago where he treated my extremely severe allergic rhinitis. My allergies were so bad that I would get attacks triggered every single day in normal environments. Ever since the treatment I have probably only experienced allergy attacks less than 5 times in the past 10 years, and those times I can pinpoint were in dusty conditions. Thank you Dr Pang for changing my life for the better!! Will always be grateful to you and your clinic :)
Aditi Mann
Aditi Mann
Thank you Dr Pang Yoke Teen for helping me to cope with my allergies! I went to Dr Pang after suffering from severe allergies for several years. My nose congestion and eye irritation would completely ruin my quality of life. At the first consultation Dr Pang was able to diagnose the problem and prescribed the necessary medication. I started to feel better after taking the medication for just a couple of days. I have been under Dr Pang’s care for more than 6 months now and I have almost forgotten what it is to have an allergy! A special mention for Sheila and the other staff who also make the experience to the clinic an easy and comfortable one - thank you too!
Shao Wei Tan
Shao Wei Tan
I’ve had a sensitive nose and sinus issues since childhood. After consulting Dr Pang, I went for a surgery and on a course of immunotherapy. It just works — I almost never get runny / blocked nose anymore unless I’m actually sick!
Derrick Tan
Derrick Tan
Had issues with allergies for a really long time and Dr Pang came up with an effective treatment plan which includes immunotherapy. Feeling better now

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